Tibetan Buddhism is seen as a threat to the occupying Chinese state and possessing Dalai Lama images or teachings can result in imprisonment and torture.
Chinese officials closely monitor and control religious activity at monasteries and nunneries.
Since 2016, Larung Gar– the biggest Buddhist institute in Tibet, and indeed in the world – has been the target of a major assault. Thousands of individuals have been evicted and thousands of homes demolished – and these removals continue today.
Writers, singers, artists and teachers are jailed for celebrating Tibetan national identity and for any criticism of China's rule.
Chinese is the language of schooling and business, disadvantaging Tibetans and threatening their mother tongue.